Head and Neck Oncologist in Mumbai
Head and Neck Cancer is the seventh most common cancer in the world. It accounts for more than 660,000 new cases and 325,000 deaths annually. In India, head and neck cancer constitutes around 30% of all cancers because of the widespread use of tobacco.
Head and Neck Cancer treatment requires a multi-disciplinary approach that requires an expert healthcare professional of surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and other healthcare professionals. Our Head and neck oncologist in Mumbai provides collaboration among specialists to ensure comprehensive care and coordinated treatment plans for better recovery.
Uhapo also focuses on providing supportive and palliative care to patients with head and neck cancer. In addition to increasing survival, we also aim to improve the quality of life of patients with the best possible outcomes such as normal speech, swallowing, taste, smell, etc. Our members of the multi-disciplinary team discuss individual cases by sharing expertise and treatment plans which are tailored to each patient’s specific needs. This approach helps cancer patients with comprehensive care, optimal treatment outcomes, and improved quality of life for patients with head and neck cancer.
Head and Neck Oncologist in Mumbai
What is Head and Neck Cancer?
Head and Neck cancer is a deadly disease that mostly begins in the squamous cells. It usually begins in the cells lining your mouth, throat (pharynx), or voicebox (larynx). The cancer in the squamous cells is formed in the thin layer of tissue on the surface of the head and neck.
If the cancer has spread deeper into the tissues it is called as invasive squamous cell carcinoma. And, if the cancer is found on the surface layer i.e. squamous layer of cells of the head and neck then it is called carcinoma in situ.
The other type of head and neck cancer is which begins in the salivary glands. It is classified as adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, or mucoepidermoid carcinoma
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of head and neck cancer can vary depending on where the cancer is located. However, some general symptoms that are prominent include –
- Lump or mass in the neck
- Difficulty swallowing
- Change in voice or hoarseness that lasts more than 2 weeks
- Persistent cough
- Ear pain or pressure
- Unexplained weight loss
- Pain in the head and neck area
- Frequent headaches
- Sore mouth or tongue
- Sinus infections
- Neck, jaw, or side face swelling
- Facial numbness
- A white or red patch in your gums
If you’re consistently experiencing the above symptoms for more than 2 to 3 weeks then it is best to consult a specialist doctor for an accurate diagnosis of your condition.
Most head and neck cancer is caused by exposure to carcinogen substances that damage the DNA leading to the formation of cancer cells. The primary carcinogen associated with head and neck cancer are tobacco and alcohol use –
- Tobacco – It is the leading cause of head and neck cancer accounting for about 85% of cases worldwide. Tobacco products contain more than 70 known carcinogens including nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide.
- Smoking – Smoking cigarettes can increase the risks of developing head and neck cancer especially cancers of the oral cavity, larynx, or pharynx.
- Cigars or Pipes – It poses a similar risk as cigarette smoking. However, the risk is potentially lower in comparison. Smokeless tobacco products (such as snuff and chewing tobacco) can also increase the risk of developing head and neck cancer.
- Alcohol consumption –Alcohol is another major risk factor for head and neck cancer. Excessive alcohol consumption can damage DNA directly or work together with other carcinogens (such as tobacco) to further increase the risk. Head and neck cancers are particularly common in people who are indulged in both smoking cigarettes and heavy drinking in their daily life.
Other potential risk factors for head and neck cancer include –
- Exposure to certain viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus which causes mono but is also linked to cancer, and human papillomavirus (HPV).
- Poor oral hygiene.
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables.
- Exposure to certain chemicals, including asbestos, pesticides, wood dust, and paint fumes.
- Eating too many salty foods like meat and fish can increase the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer.
- Genes can increase your cancer risk.
- Poor dental hygiene can increase your risk of getting periodontal disease and oral cancer.
- A weak immune system makes it difficult for your body to fight cancer. HIV infection can make the immune system weaker resulting in cancer.
Diagnosis and Tests
There are several diagnostic tests that can help in the successful detection of cancer. The exams and tests included are-
- Physical exam – It checks for oral and nasal cavities of the neck, throat, and tongue.
- Endoscopy – It is a thin tube that allows your provider to see your nasal cavity, voice box, and throat to diagnose the health concern.
- Imaging test – X-rays, CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs create pictures of the head and neck area for effective diagnosis.
- Lab test – A blood sample test is performed where viruses such as HPV or EBV can be detected.
- Biopsy – A small tissue is removed to determine the underlying cause of your condition.
There are several different types of treatments for head and neck cancer, depending on the stage and location of the cancer. Some common treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Surgery – is the most common treatment for head and neck cancer. The type of surgery depends on the size and location of the tumor. In some cases, a combination of surgery and radiation therapy is necessary for effective treatment.
- Radiation therapy – It uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. It can be given as external beam radiation therapy or internal beam radiation therapy. External beam radiation therapy is given from a machine outside the body, while internal beam radiation therapy involves placing radioactive material near the head and neck tumor site.
- Chemotherapy – It uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It can be given intravenously or taken as a pill. Chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery, and it is most commonly used for advanced-stage head and neck cancer.
Head and neck cancer can be a very serious disease to endure, but there are things that you can do to help prevent or cope with it.
One of the best things that you can do to prevent head and neck cancer is to quit smoking. Secondly, you can cut Tobacco consumption which is one of the leading causes of head and neck cancer, so quitting will significantly lower your risk.
There are also some lifestyle changes that can help lower your risk of head and neck cancer such as Eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise can help reduce your risk as well as limiting alcohol consumption can be effective in preventing cancer.
Why Uhapo is the Best Provider for Head and Neck Oncologists in Mumbai?
Uhapo provides access to the best medical team of highly-qualified cancer doctors and specialists to treat cancer with care. Our organization is equipped with a network of the Best Head and Neck oncologists in Mumbai who are skilled in various diagnostic techniques that include physical examinations, biopsies, imaging tests (such as CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans), and laboratory analysis for accurately diagnosing head and neck cancer among patients. Our Head and neck oncologists in Mumbai are expertized in determining the stage of cancer – which involves evaluating the extent of cancer spread for making treatment decisions and providing prognostic information about the likely course of the disease.
We can navigate you to the Best Head and Neck Oncologists in Mumbai – that are qualified to assess the individual needs of each patient by developing personalized treatment plans. They determine the overall factors of individual patients including the type and stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and their treatment goals. The major treatment options considered by our top oncology doctors in head and neck cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapies, or a combination of these modalities to cure the patients with our best treatment approaches.
FAQs about UHAPO Head and Neck Oncologist in Mumbai :
1. What are the common treatment options for head and neck cancer?
A: The treatment options for head and neck cancer can vary depending on the stage, location, and specific characteristics of the tumor. Common treatment modalities include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.
2. What is the role of surgery in treating head and neck cancer?
A: Surgery plays a crucial role in the treatment of head and neck cancer. It is often used to remove the tumor and affected lymph nodes, reconstruct or restore the affected area, and sometimes to obtain a biopsy for accurate diagnosis. Surgical procedures may range from minimally invasive techniques to extensive operations, depending on the specific case.
3. What are the potential side effects of treatment for head and neck cancer?
A: The side effects of head and neck cancer treatment can vary depending on the specific treatments received. Common side effects may include fatigue, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, changes in taste, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, skin reactions, and potential long-term effects on speech, swallowing, or appearance.
4. What types of surgical procedures are commonly performed for head and neck cancer?
A: The specific surgical procedures for head and neck cancer depend on the location, size, and stage of the tumor. Common procedures include tumor resection, neck dissection, reconstruction, and sometimes, removal of nearby structures like the tongue, jaw, or larynx.
5. What are the potential risks and complications associated with head and neck cancer surgery?
A: As with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications. These can include bleeding, infection, poor wound healing, damage to nearby structures such as nerves or blood vessels, changes in speech or swallowing, cosmetic changes, and potential need for reconstructive surgery. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.
6. How will follow-up care be managed after head and neck cancer surgery?
A: After surgery, you will typically have regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare team to monitor your progress, address any concerns, and ensure optimal healing. Imaging tests and other evaluations may be scheduled as part of your follow-up care plan to monitor for any signs of recurrence.
7. Are there any lifestyle modifications or changes that I should consider after head and neck cancer surgery?
A: Depending on the specific circumstances, your healthcare team may recommend certain lifestyle modifications or changes. These can include dietary adjustments, speech therapy, swallowing exercises, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation. Your healthcare team will provide guidance based on your individual needs and goals.